Hostile Environment Awareness Training (HEAT)

Hostile Environment Awareness Training (HEAT)

Background of the Course

Hostile environment awareness plays an important role in the effectiveness and impact of crisis management missions; it is also a chief responsibility that each seconding or contracting actor has vis-à-vis its deployed personnel (“duty of care”), so as to further address the issue of their protection while operating in high risk operational theaters.

Hostile environment awareness is essential to coping with internal and external security threats on the ground and is conducive to: a) enhancing the resilience of personnel when working in hazardous environments; b) increasing the understanding of proactive security and of basic field measures; c) providing personnel with the basic tools and techniques needed to avoid potentially dangerous situations or to cope adequately with actual endangering ones in the field.

This course has been designed and developed jointly by the Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna and the Carabinieri Corps General Headquarters, precisely with the aim to address such needs.

The course is organized under the patronage of Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs

ENTRI Certification

This is the first HEAT course to have obtained the “C3MC” label“ which proves that the Course is coherent with the minimum standards requested by ENTRI/EU. Through the certification process, ENTRi aims at ensuring harmonisation of training standards among training providers working on civilian crisis management training.

Training Objectives & Modules

HEAT is an intensive 40-hour course that aims at training professionals to deal effectively with risk-associated and emergency/critical situations while deployed in hostile environments abroad. The training is expected to improve participants’ understanding of the minimum behavioural field requirements when working as a team members of an international field operation irrespective of their national or professional  background. The course has two primary objectives:

1. To improve participants’ knowledge of multiple threats present in hostile field environments and of ways and means of dealing with them in an effective manner;

2. To rehearse and practice safety and security procedures according to specific threats.

The Course content is clustered in five modules:

Module I - EU personnel deployed in hostile environments

Module II - Situational training exercise (STX)

Module III - Medical training: health maintenance on mission

Module IV - Orientation , communication s & 4-wheel drive

Module V - Field training exercise (FTX)

The 2nd Mobile Brigade of Carabinieri Corps acts through one of its special units as implementing partner during the outdoor role playing sessions.


The Course, in addition to general background lectures, focuses on operational procedures and practice. Participants are tested through various scenarios, advanced role-playing sessions and simulation exercises. There is ample use of specific case study material, outdoor activities and extensive reference is made to the field experiences of both lectures and participants.

Target Group

The target group for this training is mission staff selected to be deployed to low/middle/high risk missions or recently deployed to such missions who have preferably already attended at least a general introductory course on crisis management operations or have at least gained relevant experience in international field operations.

Teaching Staff & Director

Professor Andrea de Guttry (Scuola Sant’Anna) and the Commander of the 1st Carabinieri Paratrooper Regiment “Tuscania” are the Co-Directors of the Course. Lecturers and trainers are mainly from the 1st Paratrooper Regiment “Tuscania”, the unique Special Operations Force of Carabinieri Corps, currently engaged in critical countries and high risk operational theatres all over the world.

Location: Livorno or Vicenza, Italy


Dates 2016:

HEAT Course I-2016: 22-26 February 2016 (the course has been cancelled since the Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna has been commissioned to deliver a course for an international organization in the same dates)

HEAT Course II-2016: 18-22 April 2016

HEAT Course III-2016: 13-17 June 2016

HEAT Course IV-2016: 26-30 September 2016 (the course has been cancelled since the Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna has been commissioned to deliver a course for an international organization in the same dates)

HEAT Course V-2016: 7-11 November 2016 (the course has been cancelled since the Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna has been commissioned to deliver a course for an international organization in the same dates)

Course fee:

 € 1000,00 (it includes tuition, full board at the basic facilities – shared rooms, breakfast not included – of the Carabinieri in Livorno or Vicenza, Italy, reference material and public liability insurance)

Working language: English

Number of Participants: max 20

HOW TO APPLY  (we suggest you to use the Mozilla Firefox browser to fill in the application form)

Candidates are requested to apply on-line:

a. by February 1st, 2016 for the HEAT Course I at (applications closed – the course has been cancelled)

b. by March 28th, 2016 for the HEAT Course II (applications closed)

c. by May 23rd, 2016 for the Heat Course III (applications closed)

d. by September 5th, 2016 for the Heat Course IV (applications closed – the course has been cancelled)

e. by October 10th, 2016 for the Heat Course V (applications closed – the course has been cancelled)

In case of problems with the online application form please write an e-mail to

Applications will be considered on a first-come, first-served basis

Pre-conditions for participation in the course

The completion of the e-HEST course, accessible free of charge at, or, of the Basic Security in the Field II, accessible free of charge at, is a pre-condition for participation in the residential HEAT course.

Such certifications are currently a prerequisite in order to be deployed in EU-led field operations in “high” or “critical” risk areas. All applicants must have a valid driving licence. Participants are expected to have already obtained a valid First Aid Certificate. Alternatively, they are strongly recommended to attend a specific online course (such as
Scuola Superiore Sant ’Anna & ITPCM 

The Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna (Pisa, Italy) is a public University and a centre of excellence which promotes education and research through under and post-graduate studies in the field of Social and Applied Sciences. The International Training Programme for Conflict Management (ITPCM) is a post-graduate programme of the Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna. It was established in 1995 with the aim to respond to the training needs of personnel involved in international field operations.

Arma dei Carabinieri (the Carabinieri Corps) 

The Arma dei Carabinieri combines in a single profile status and duties of the Armed Forces and of the Police Authority alike. The Force provides also training courses and facilities, for individual as well as collettive preparation, ranging from basic military training to more specialized career training, ever since its foundation in 1814. More info at


HEAT Course Secretariat

Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna

Via Cardinale Maffi, 27, Pisa, Italy